Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and treatment of oral and facial anomalies originating from teeth and surrounding tissues. Braces treatment is performed by orthodontics and includes the process of bringing the teeth and jaw into harmony in three dimensions. Braces treatment is also called orthodontic treatment. Thanks to orthodontic treatment, a beautiful smile, improved oral and dental health and a better quality of life can be provided for people of all ages.
How is braces treatment done?
Braces work on the principle of applying constant force in the desired direction for a certain time. If the applied force is too much, it can damage the tooth and the tissues surrounding the tooth.
The desired position of the teeth can only be achieved with continuous and light pressure. sticking to the teeth and Apparatuses with holes through which wires can pass are called brackets. Since the brackets are attached to the teeth, they contribute to 24-hour treatment. Brackets can be called handles for guiding the teeth correctly. The wire attached to the brackets applies a certain force to the teeth to return them to their normal state. Thus, the teeth are brought to the desired position over time.
The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to move the teeth within the bone. It is not possible for this movement to happen in a few days. It is expected that the teeth will move within the bone by 1 or 2 mm per month. At some stages of treatment, patients may be asked to use elastic agents. These tires are simple tires that one can change by themselves every day. They help guide the teeth to the desired point.
Thanks to modern treatment techniques, desired results can be achieved with shorter and less frequent appointments as possible. In addition, patients are offered treatment options such as metal, ceramic and glass brackets, which have various advantages over each other.
When is braces treatment done?
The recommendation of the International Orthodontic Association recommends that all children aged 7 years undergo an orthodontic check-up. In this way, developmental problems can be identified at an early stage and conditions that require preventive intervention such as placeholders can be diagnosed.
Early treatment, if foreseeable, is very valuable in terms of preventing major problems in the future. Generally, treatment is not started before the age of 10-12. Although no treatment is given at the first appointment, the examination and x-rays taken are very valuable for subsequent appointments in terms of monitoring growth and development.
The best results in orthodontics are the treatments provided by the correction of developmental irregularities. For this reason, it is very important to have the first examination as early as 7 years of age. Because in this age period, there is still a great growth and development potential in the face area.
Orthodontic treatment in adults
Orthodontic treatment in adults is possible at any age. It is never too late to experience the positive aspects of having a beautiful smile. In adults, there may be displacements of other teeth or previous irregularities due to tooth extraction. All these problems can be easily solved with orthodontic treatment and sometimes with the cooperation of other branches of dentistry. With the developing technology in recent years, its easy application in adults has resulted in an increase in the use of braces.
What should be considered in the treatment of braces?
Wire treatment is a process that takes a long time, requires patience and needs attention. The orthodontist should explain the necessary information to the patient and the treatment process in detail, and the patient should follow what the doctor says. Otherwise, you may not get the desired result at the end of this process. After the braces are placed, you may feel pain for a while. However, if the pain persists, you should see your doctor.
During the treatment, some foods and beverages should be avoided. These include hard foods such as apples, pears, the hard side of bread, chips, and nuts. Sticky foods such as jelly beans, Turkish delight, caramel chocolate, chewing gum, alcoholic and carbonated drinks can displace the brackets in your teeth and leave you in a difficult situation during the treatment. It is necessary to make your food choices for soft, juicy and easily degradable foods in order not to damage the wires.
Persons using braces should protect the mouth area against hard impacts from the outside and take care not to break the brackets. Those who do sports, those who are active in fields such as football and basketball, should take a break from sports for a while, considering the possibility of a blow while using braces.
It is important to avoid using a hard brush and brushing by pressing while brushing your teeth, so that the brackets are not damaged during braces treatment. For this reason, it is recommended to choose a soft brush and brush it with light movements. Using interdental brushes to clean between the brackets will help. Single-end hardened dental floss can also be used for the same purpose.